In our walk through this unique culture we will tell you its history, the essential places that you can not miss and all the necessary data for you to plan your route or combine it with other types of experiences in one of your days.
Keys to understanding prehistoric Menorca
Where does the Talayotic culture come from?
The First signs of human presence on the island date back to 2,100 B.C. So the history of this Talayotic culture is immense and until the arrival of the Romans it would go through different phases. In this sense, Menorca has emblematic monuments and buildings as triple-facing graves, elongated, complex or simple hypogeum with corridor, wells, talayots, rooms with slab coverings or furnace or natural caves with walls but, above all, the Taulas and ships, unique in the world
In these collective funerary constructions (where human remains were found along with their belongings) they give us an idea of the importance of the island including, without going any further, the oldest monument in Europe ... Naveta des Tudons near Citadel.
If we go back to the years 1,000 and 700 BC we will meet the talaiots,Trunk conical towers of stones that were built with the aim of being able to observe the surrounding territory or funerary caves excavated in cliffs such as Calascoves (Alaior) but we also know that the oldest are in high places that are difficult to access.
Of the year 650 BC henceforth the stage calledpost-talayotic where the sanctuaries of taula what For many they are considered the most original buildings on the island. These sanctuaries are horseshoe enclosures and concave facades where rituals were practiced as animal sacrifices. In these towns circular houses were also built asCartailhac circle of the second century BC inTorre d'en Galmés (Alaior)built with large stones and covered with wooden logs and rocks. Another feature of the time is that hand-made ceramics as well as bronze tools were manufactured.
Those who are planning a getaway to the island can book a while to get close and discover each of its corners so well preserved. As we mentioned at the beginning, in this article we will make a compilation of its main treasures for your prehistoric route through Menorca
Why the name of Talayotic?
The name comes from the talayots (towers of surveillance) what they became the most popular construction of this historical period and, although Menorca seems to only inspire nature and beach, many people today travel to the island to know those prehistoric remains of incalculable value.
Are they a World Heritage Site by Unesco?
Although this 2017 has been tried precipitously, the candidacy of Unesco's Talayotic Menorca for World Heritage is estimated for the summer of 2019 despite the difficulties that entails being Spain one of the countries with more enclaves declared as World Heritage
Prehistoric Menorca Route for its Talayotic treasures
It would be impossible to number all the talayotic remains ... There are more than 1,500 sites in the just 700 km2 of Menorca's surface! That is why we propose a route through the most important talayotic treasures of the island
Naveta des Tudons
Naveta des Tudons, prehistoric funerary construction used between 1200 and 750 BC, is the main and best known monument of Menorca and one of the most famous corners of the island. Remembering what we told you before is the oldest fully preserved monument in Europe and you have an article dedicated to
Built with medium-sized stones, it is seen in a short time (about 15-30 minutes) but it is of course an essential visit. On Mondays you can visit it for free and the other days it will cost you € 2 (children free).
Rafal Rubí's ships
Continuing with this type of construction, we have in the Rafal Rubí ships a funerary building but consisting of two smaller tombs than the des Tudons nave and collective but secondary. That is, they were used to deposit the bones after having been in a previous burial. Of course, a must see.
Navets of Biniac - L'Argentina
In Biniac we find two circular plan navets used around 1,400 B.C. which are prior to the elongated floor ships of Tudons and Rafal Rubí. This ship was built on the mother rock, with only one camera and, according to studies, it must be one of the oldest. With this we have listed the most important Navetas so that you have an idea of what you want to visit.
The Calescoves Necropolis is another corner that you can not miss in this Prehistoric Menorca. The location is spectacular because it is located in a natural environment that impacts the amount of graves They are there.
A set of about 90 excavated cavities that were used by the communities to bury their dead.
Cala Morell Necropolis
Located on the north coast of Ciudadela, this Necropolis is next to Cala Morell in one of the most beautiful corners of the island. We speak exactly of a total of 14 caves that form one of the largest prehistoric cemeteries in Menorca and of which we made an article dedicated to
You could also take advantage of the visit to spend a day of sun and beach in one of the most attractive and different coves of Menorca.
Talayotic village of Torre d'en Galmés
Torre d'en Galmés It is the largest town in Menorca with 66,240 square meters. It is located on top of a hill and its history dates back to the years 1700-1400 BC. At present some remains are preserved but you should still take it into account during your visit to Prehistoric Menorca.
Talayotic village of Torralba d'en Salord
Torralba d'en Salord is a prehistoric town that we can qualify as the best example of the island's talayotic culture. It seems that it was inhabited between the year 1000 a. C and the Roman era and came to welcome a very large group of people. Its main feature is that of own the most important taula of Menorca, the taula of Torralba (the ceremonial monument par excellence) and it is so for its almost 5 meters high.
With the numerous excavations elements were found that indicated that this taula was a site reserved for the rituals of worship. We recommend you visit it next to Torre d'en Galmés.
Talayotic village of Talatí de Dalt
Another of the most interesting prehistoric villages on the island of Menorca that preserve different monuments such as talayot, a taula enclosure with a truncated profile and some houses and caves.
Talayotic village of Trepucó
The town of Trepucó was one of the largest towns on the island at the time and extends, nothing more and nothing less than 40,240 square meters. Only a small part is preserved at present but It has two imposing talayots.
These are the oldest buildings (1,000 and 700 BC). Otherwise, only some walls, towers and other remains are preserved.
Talayotic village of Sa Torreta de Tramuntana
This town of Sa Torreta de Tramuntana is one of the few that have been identified on the north coast of the island but that it conserves the talayot, the enclosure of the taula and rest of old houses, in addition to the incentive of which the landscape in which it is is magnificent.
Talayotic village of Torretrencada
This other town of Torretrencada dates back to the years 1000 - 700 BC and It has lasted until the conquest of the Romans in 123 BC. So we found it very interesting to get to know him.
Nowadays there are still monuments of great interest such as the talayot, some caves and graves as well as the Taula considered one of the most beautiful on the island.
Other interesting Talayotic towns that deserve a stop
Talayotic settlement of Son Catlar dating back to the years 1,000 - 7,000 B.C. Of great extension, it is one of the oldest with some special features.
Talayotic village of Torrellafuda which is a very beautiful town where you can also find different monuments.
Village of Son Mercer de Baix which is made up of ships (naviformes) that date back to the years 1700 -1400 a. C. We have found 7 units of two different types, 5 horseshoe-shaped and 2 square.
Talayotic village of Binisafullet It is smaller but maintains a circular plan talayot next to the remains of a hypostyle hall, the taula enclosure and other impressive remains.
Obviously, we have not seen them all but here we leave you the multiple options in case your route does fit you.
Talayots by Binicodrell de Darrera (Dalt)
Binicodrell is a Talayotic village also belonging to the years 1,000 - 700 BC. It is large and, at present, only two talayots remain (the north is the best preserved).
It stands out, above all, because inside you will find an unusualZigzag access ramp.
Also from this time, between 1,000 and 700 B.C., we found a large talayot where the widest part reaches 28 meters in diameter, being elliptical and built on a rocky elevation in Trebalúger.
Main Museum of Ciutadella- Bastió de sa Font
If you visit Ciutadella, which sure is because it is one of the most important cities in Menorca, you also have an article with a tour to do it that can help you, in, and you are still interested in deepening in this prehistoric culture, you have an appointment with theMunicipal Museum of Citadel - Bastió de sa Font, a museum of history and archeology with many objects in which the history of Citadel and Menorca is exposed, from prehistoric to Muslim times, as well as the arrival of Alfonso III in the year 1,287.
Talayotic House of Biniparratxet Petit
This talayotic house of Biniparratxet Petit is one of the best preserved corners that are remembered on the island. It is a post-talayotic house in very good condition which in 1995 was moved and rebuilt (due to the expansion of the runway of the Menorca airport) and can now be visited in the gardens of the airport grounds.
So Na Caçana
So Na Caçana are 10 monumental structures that were initially identified as populated but the excavations revealed up to 3 taula enclosures. Today it is considered more a sanctuary or ceremonial center than a town itself. Photos that are not ours belong to the Shuttershock image bank to which we are subscribed
Map of Talayotic sites of Prehistoric Menorca
Convinced to make that route through prehistoric Menorca? These special corners of Menorca, so they represent the remains of ancient civilizations, are part of the history of the island. Do we make it easier for you? Below a location map of all of them
In this article we have tried to give you "all the clues" to design your own route through prehistoric Menorca and the best preserved corners of this Talayotic culture. We hope you enjoyed this journey through antiquity and it will help you incorporate it into your trip to paradise.
Isaac and Paula, on a route through Prehistoric Menorca